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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Hayden Archer" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 17 Mar 2019 17:22:11 +0800
Subject: Payment from the office of Archer Hayden

Attn: Sir/Madam Important Business Notification. My name is Mr Hayden Archer. Am glad to be connected with you, welcome to 2019, I have a business proposal I would like to discuss with you in private , I would like to indulge you in a business opportunity that will be of of huge benefit to both us if you wish to know more, Kindly respond to me via my private email address for more details. I await your swift response to enable me furnish you you with details Archer Hayden. Director E-Banking Dept. NATWEST. BANK

Anti-fraud resources: