fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr David Hilliard." <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 17 Feb 2019 03:25:11 -0300
Subject: Attention : Beneficiary
We would like to inform you that your total funds of $18.9 million have
been arranged to be transfer to your personal account via online banking
transfer, kindly contact UBA Bank now with your banking details for them
to open your online account for you, Note that FBI and UNITED NATIONS
both CBS is aware of this transaction and handle over to UBA Bank, The
reason for FBI and UNITED NATIONS both CBS are aware of you to avoid
anything that will cause you to complain that you are not receiving your
Here is their contact details ;
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Phone Number ; +(234)814-425-8311.
Address : Bridgehead, Fegge, Onitsha,
Thank and kindly be contact with them right away because once they
confirm your details or email they will open your account with UBA Bank,
I await on your update, Yours in service
Dr David Hilliard.