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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Cheong Kong" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 16 Feb 2019 15:49:39 -0800
Subject: Business Contact.

Compliment of the day,

I am Dr. Cheong Choong Kong, a Malaysia Singaporean. I was the immediate past chairman/CEO OCBC bank, and former Chairman/CEO Singapore airline.

Since the world is now a global place, every individual aims to become a successful business mogul. I am looking for a business partner with a good business deal. It would be an honor to ascertain your interest in this opportunity and for us to work together as partners on the project.

If you are interested, write back for more information on the partnership.

This project will not interfere with your present job or business.


Dr. Cheong Choong Kong
Past Chairman & Board of Directors
OCBC Bank Malaysia/ Singapore

Anti-fraud resources: