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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Erik Su" <>
Date: Fri, 08 Feb 2019 10:19:34 -0800
Subject: Private Investment Debt/Loan Funding.

Dear Sir,

I appreciate your contact. I represent an Investment Consortium in Hong Kong who will be interested in funding your Company's Project on a Debt Funding Basis/ Loan Application and The Investment Group requires serious minded companies in any area of Business Specialization, In view of this I want you to forward your Project Business Plan to the Investor's Vetting Team for review and Funding Recommendation.

Erik Su.

Anti-fraud resources: