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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "INFO" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 10 Feb 2019 00:35:18 -0800
Subject: INFO

My Dear Friend,
Greetings to you and your family from my sincere heart.
Presently, I'm in the hospital where I am undergoing treatment for Esophageal Cancer. Today my Doctor told me that I will not live up to 30 days. I am widow to late Colonel Andre Derefaka, former deputy defence attaché to Benin consulate in Croatia. My husband was killed by those who were envious of his position in the same office.
Now there is 1.6 Million Dollars my late husband deposited in a bank, here in Benin.
Before his death he vowed to use his wealth for the orphanages. I have decided to donate this money to an individual, who will utilise it in fulfilment of the last request of my husband.
Reply now with your full names, phone number, address and occupation. I will give you more details after consideration.
Yours Sincerely,
Mrs. Monika Derefaka

Anti-fraud resources: