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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Paul Benson" <>
Date: Wed, 06 Feb 2019 07:06:07 -0800
Subject: Attention Dear

Attention Dear

This is Mr Paul Benson the manager of western union here in new jersey and we got a transfer on your name from South Africa $5000. all you need to do is activation because the sender make a mistake. Before you can pick it you will have to activate it and it will cost you $45 all you need to do once you get this Email is to go to any Store close to you and get an iTunes Card or Amazon card of $45 send it and once we get this, within 45 minutes your payment will be ready for you to pick it up okay

1. Your name--------------------------------
2. Your address -----------------------------
3. Your telephone-----------------------------
4. Age ----------------------------------------
5. Sex-------------------------------- ---------
6. Your occupation ------------------------------
7. Your identification----------------------------

Urgent matter needed

Paul Benson

Anti-fraud resources: