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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Johnson Williams <>
Date: Sat, 9 Feb 2019 16:14:02 +0000
Subject: I'm happy to inform you about my success

Good morning,

I didn't forget your past efforts. I'm happy to inform you about my
success in getting those funds transferred under the cooperation of a new
partner from Vietnam, though I tried my best to involve you in the business
but God decided the whole situations.

Presently I'm in Vietnam for investment projects with my own share of the
total sum. Meanwhile, I didn't forget your past efforts and attempts to
assist me in transferring those funds despite that it failed us some how.
Now contact my secretary in Republic of Togo,
...his name is David steed,


Ask him to send you the total of $520,000.00 in which I kept for your
compensation for all the past efforts and attempts to assist me in this
matter. I appreciated your efforts at that time very much. So feel free and
get in touch with my secretary David steed,and instruct him where to send
the amount to you. Please do let me know immediately you receive it so that
we can share joy after all the suffer at that time.

At the moment, I'm very busy here because of the investment projects which
I and the new partner are having at hand, finally, remember that I had
forwarded instruction to the secretary David steed on your behalf to
receive that money, so feel free to get in touch with him, ..

Extend my greetings to your family. ..

My Best regards ..

Greetings from Vietnam..

Anti-fraud resources: