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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Hitachi Tokyo Iron & Steel Ltd <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 9 Feb 2019 13:45:08 +0000


Hitachi Tokyo Iron & Steel Ltd would like to offer you an opportunity to represent our company in areas of accounting and finance. We believe your expertise would be very useful in moving our projects in a right direction and possibly grow our business frontiers. Please let us know if you would be interested in learning more, because our company is looking for capable hands to work with as our foreign business representative.

It would be a great pleasure to hear from you.

Best regards.

Gorou Takeshi
Hitachi Tokyo Iron & Steel Ltd
Hitachi Omori 2nd Building
Minami-Oi, Shinagawa-ku
Tokyo, 140-8573, Japan
Tel: +81-3-4579-0656
Fax: +81-3-4579-0600

Anti-fraud resources: