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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Steven Terner Mnuchin." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 1 Feb 2019 14:32:59 +0700
Subject: U.S. Department of the Treasury

Department of the Treasury
1500 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20220
Hello ,
I am Steven Terner Mnuchin, the United States Secretary of the Treasury. You can get
more details about me here;
I have been saddled with the responsibility of liaising with
beneficiaries regarding all previously unpaid/unclaimed funds and be
sure all such funds are paid before the end of the fiscal year 2019.
A directive has been issued to us to settle all outstanding payments
accrued to individuals with respect to local and overseas contract
payment, debt re-scheduling and outstanding compensation payment. We
have been notified that you are yet to receive your fund. Fortunately,
you have been selected alongside a few other beneficiaries to receive
your own payment of $850,000 (Eight Hundred and Fifty Thousand United
States Dollars only). This money will hence be transferred to your
nominated bank account.
You are advised to kindly reply my email with the below details
enclosed to help us process your payment;
(1) Full Names:
(2) Residential Address:
(3) Date of Birth:
(4) Phone/Cell Number:
(5) Occupation:
(6) Copy of any valid identity card/International Passport:
Yours faithfully,
Steven Terner Mnuchin
(U.S. Department of the Treasury)
Note: If you received this message in your SPAM/JUNK folder, it is
because of the restrictions implemented by your Internet Service
Provider, we urge you to treat it genuinely. The information contained
in this e-mail is private & confidential and may also be legally
privileged. If you are not the intended recipient, please notify us,
preferably by e-mail.

Anti-fraud resources: