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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "James Goodman" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 4 Feb 2019 16:53:27 -0800
Subject: Project Partnership


It may interest you to know that I would like to introduce you to RBS bank as the business partner to our late client (Late Mr. Peter Campbell), an American businessman, who died in a crash with his family leaving no WILL. I write to seek for your consent to present you to claim his deposit Fund valued at the total sum of £ 18,500,000.00 British Pound Sterling which is with the RBS. If you have interest in this proposal, please respond to me for more details. Please pardon my intrusion.

Yours sincerely,
James Goodman

Anti-fraud resources: