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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs.Kristjen Nielson" <>
Reply-To: "Mrs.Kristjen Nielson" <>
Date: Tue, 5 Feb 2019 01:50:21 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Attention beneficiary!

I’m Gen. Kristjen Michele Nielsen, The new secretary of U.S. Department of Homeland security appointed by President Donald Trump. Office Address: 3801 Nebraska Ave NW, Washington, DC 20016, United States. I received a report that you have an unclaimed/abandoned fund of US$2,500,000.00 (Two Million, five hundred thousand United State Dollar) in the East Africa Kenya.
I want to bring to your notice that i have instructed ECOWAS and the concerned authorities to bring the consignment box containing your total fund to our Head office in Washington DC. The said fund will be here today.

I want you to kindly Reconfirm

So that arrangement can be made for the delivery of the consignment box to you.
I can be reached at (202) 996-3049. Leave me a text or Voice Message if i am unavailable to answer.

I look forward to hearing from you. EMAIL DIRECT CONTACT(

Gen. Kristjen Michele Nielsen
Secretary of
The U.S. Department of
Homeland security.

Anti-fraud resources: