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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "OPEN FILE Donation of $13.5 Million For The Less Privileged" <>
Date: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 14:39:32 +0000

May our Lord Almighty continue to bless you as you read my message to
you, please do get back to me immediately with my contact personal
email at ( ) for more details I have
decided to contribute the worth of $13.5 Million currently in my
offshore account in Europe to aid the less privileged around you
because recently I was diagnosed with kidney cancer and my condition
is really deteriorating Please do view and read the file for more
information on how to proceed for immediate application for the
transfer of the funds in your name. 

Anti-fraud resources: