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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Federica Scondanibbio (ESQ)" <>
Date: Mon, 04 Feb 2019 08:03:49 -0200
Subject: Greetings

Good day dear!

I am Federica Scondanibbio, Attorney at law. A deceased client of mine,
that shares the same last name as yours, who died as the result of a
heart-related condition in March 12th 2009. His heart condition was due
the death of all the members of his family in the plan crash in January
10th 2009.

I have contacted you to assist in distributing the money left behind by
client before it is confiscated or declared unserviceable by the bank
this deposit valued at Forty Eight Million US Dollars ($48,000,000.00)
lodged. This bank has issued me a notice to contact the next of kin, or
account will be confiscated.

My proposition to you is to seek your consent to present you as the
next-of-kin and beneficiary of my named client, since you have the same
last name, so that the proceeds of this account can be paid to you. Then
can share the amount on a mutually agreed-upon percentage. All legal
documents to back up your claim as my client's next-of-kin will be
provided. All I require is your honest cooperation to enable us see this
transaction through.

This will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect
from many breach of the law. If this business proposition offends your
moral values, do accept my apology. I must use this opportunity to
you to exercise the utmost indulgence to keep this matter extraordinary
confidential, whatever your decision, while I await your prompt
Please contact me at once to indicate your interest. I will like you to
acknowledge the receipt of this e-mail as soon as possible via my
EMAIL :( and treat with absolute
confidentiality and sincerity.

I look forward to your quick reply.
Best regards,
Federica Scondanibbio (Esq)

Anti-fraud resources: