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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Richard A.Goodman" < >
Reply-To: "Richard A.Goodman" <>
Date: Mon, 4 Feb 2019 15:31:12 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Dear Customer,

WU® Cash Transfer
Office address:No 455 paperbark carer ranee,
carefree turbocharger Road Cotonou,
Benin Republic.

Dear Customer,
This is to inform you that we have sent your first payment of $5,000.00 (Five Thousand dollars) through Money Gram as we have been given the mandate to transfer your full compensation fund of $5.7 Million Dollars via Western Union by the IMF.I called to give you the information through phone but we could not reach you even this morning.
So,I was instructed to email you the payment information which include Reference (Money Transfer Control Number) and sender's name,so that you can
pick up your first payment of $5,000.00 to enable us send another payment of $5,000.00 by tomorrow as you know we shall be sending you only $5,000.00 per day
because that is the maximum Amount permitted on a day.

Here is the information to pick up your first payment of $5000 through Western Union store close to you

Reference Number (REF):303-199-7252
sender first Name: Richard
Sender Last Name:Tenison
Text question ;God
Text Answer: Saves
(Reference) 303-199-7252
Amount: $5,000

Track it with this link:

You cannot be able to pick up the $5000 now because your payment must be Activated in your location before you can be able to pick it up.The Activation will cost you $100 only.
You can reach me on Thanks for choosing our western Union.

Sign: Richard A.Goodman
Director, Chairman of the Audit Committee.
Mr.Richard Goodman
Email: (

Anti-fraud resources: