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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Patrick und Frances Connolly" <>
Date: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 13:36:21 -0500
Subject: =?utf-8?q?Antworten_Sie_auf_Anspr=C3=BCche?=

Ich bin Patrick und Frances Connolly, der Gewinner der National Lottery 2019 United Kingdom (UK). Meine Frau und ich haben uns entschlossen, einen Teil unseres gewinnenden Preises an vier (4) glückliche Menschen auszugeben, um den Lebensstandard des geringeren Privilegs, das Leben aller zu verbessern, und für die Entwicklung zu nutzen.

Bei Interesse kontaktieren Sie mich bitte über meine E-Mail-Adresse ( mit Ihrem vollständigen Namen, Alter und Land.

Bitte überprüfen Sie meine Gewinnseite unten zur Bestätigung;

Bleib gesund,
Patrick und Frances Connolly.

Anti-fraud resources: