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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Williams Samuel <>
Date: 03 Feb 2019 13:56:24 -0300
Subject: For Business..........VERY URGENT

Hello, t’s my pleasure to contact you (PERSONALLY) with this
proposal. I am Williams Samuel., a manager in the accounts
management section of Financial firm here.

I write to seek your co-oportion in a business project which
involves the transfer of deposited funds in our vault to you for
our mutual benefit. However, with your response of interest I
will furnish you with more details.

Thanks and looking forward to your soonest reply.


Williams Samuel

Anti-fraud resources: