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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Fredrick Ibee" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 2 Feb 2019 01:24:31 -0800
Subject: Contact my secretary For your US$850,000 USD

Dear Friend

Contact my secretary For your US$850,000 USD
been your compensation fund for your effort
to assist me in the past Though we did not
succeed then. But with the help of a new
partner from United States i was able to
complete the project.

I decided to compensate you with this little
amount US$850,000 for your effort to assist
me in the past feel free to contact my
secretary with the below information as stated
for your compensation i left in her desk on
your behalf.

Contact person: Mrs. Cindy Snell

Mr. Fredrick Ibee

Anti-fraud resources: