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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Collins Kwame <>
Date: Thu, 31 Jan 2019 12:39:21 +0000
Subject: Business Proposal,

My name is Mr. Collins Kwame and I am a banker with Standard Chartered
Bank Ltd. This is a personal email directed to you for your kind
consideration alone, I request that it remain and be treated as such
I have an interesting business proposal for you which will be of
benefit to you and I. Although this may be hard for you to believe but,
stand to gain about Eight Million, Five Hundred and Twenty Thousand
within few days. Please grant me the benefit of doubt and hear me out.
I need you to signify your interest by replying to this email.
Most importantly, I will need you to promise to keep whatever
you will
get from me very confidential even if you decide not to participate in
I will make more details available to you upon receipt of a positive
response from you.
Kindly send your response to my private address {}.
Best Regards,
Mr. Collins Kwame.

Anti-fraud resources: