fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "is 100% risk-free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "EMMANUEL" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 15 Jan 2019 01:08:15 -0800
Subject: DETAILS OF THE FUND
While viewing the website a few days ago I read your programs, I am
Dr. Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu the present Minister of State for Petroleum
Resources of The Federal Republic of Nigeria and Chairman of the Board
of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). in the government
of president Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria.
I have some amount of funds that I have moved out of the Country to a
private vault in Europe.
Right now, I need a good partner, someone, I can trust, The funds will
be sent to you through a Diplomatic means and you will take 30% out of it
sixty percent (60%.) will be invested in an estate there in your country
under your care. 10% for other expenses after you have claim it to your
nominated account of your choice.
I must tell you is 100% risk-free and Details will be given to you,
in our next correspondence.
Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu,
Present Minister of State for Petroleum,
Federal Republic of Nigeria.