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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR.MARCEL EZE" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 10 Jan 2019 15:11:26 +0100

Dear Friend,

I'm happy to inform you about my success in getting the fund transferred to a Swiss Account with the co-operation of a new partner from Paraguay who is an international business man. Presently I'm in Paraguay for investment projects with my own share of the total sum. Meanwhile, I did not forget your past efforts and attempts to assist me in transferring those funds despite that it failed us some how. So I have given my Secretary instruction to send your Cashier Check which contains the sum of $3.5m. (Three million five hundred thousand united state dollars ) on your name which I have used as a compensation for your past effort.

Now contact my secretary her contact is:
Name: Mr Patrick Musa
Email contact :

Ask him to send you the total $3.5m cashier check ( Three million five hundred US Dollars) which I kept for your compensation for all the past efforts and attempts to assist me in this matter. I appreciated your efforts at that time very much.So feel free and get in touched with my secretary Mr.Patrick Musa and instruct him where to send the cashier check to you. Please do let me know immediately you receive it so that we can share the joy after all the suffering at that time. In the moment, I am very busy here because of the investment projects which I and my new partner are having at hand. Finally, remember that I had forwarded instruction to my secretary on your behalf to receive that cashier check containing $3.5million, so feel free to get in touch with Mr Patrick Musa he will send the Cashier check to you without any delay.

Therefore, you should send him your full Name, telephone number and contact address for him reference and make further arrangement with him on how you want to receive your cashier check.

Best Regards.
Mr.Marcel Eze.

Anti-fraud resources: