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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "FEDERAL RESERVE BANK" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 15 Jan 2019 03:41:04 +0100

Federal Reserve Bank of New York
33 Liberty Street
New York, NY 10045


What is really going on and why havent we heard from you in regards to the ongoing transaction of $22.5m?We have told you to send the fee for the transfer documents so that the $22.5m can be processed and released to you but till this moment never heard from you.
Your delay is affecting this transaction and the Board of Directors have instructed that the transaction be concluded or we reallocate to your representatives.
This is to notify you that the payment for the documents must be sent immediately or your allocated funds of $22.5m will be canceled and reallocated to your representatives in according to section 48 sub section 84 of international remittance policy.
In case you are having any challenges,do let us know immediately,so that we can know how to assist you.

Awaiting your response.

Scott Anderson
Senior Personal Assistance
Chairman Board of Governors,
Federal Reserve Bank

Anti-fraud resources: