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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Frederick," (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 12 Jan 2019 15:14:58 -0800
Subject: PROJECT PLANING..........

Good Day,

I am Mr. Frederick, a legal practitioner with years of experience in Principal Investment, Private equity, Project Finance & Syndication and advisory in Greater MENA and parts of Africa cross multiple asset classes (e.g. public equity, private equity, Real estate, Fund, Industrial Agriculture, Construction, mining, oil and gas, airline and various trading fixed income) and sectors.

Over such period, I have developed strong contacts in the GCC and Asia markets with strong origination capacity bringing in access of 10 mature transactions across different markets and sectors. I am representing investment interests from Asia/Africa interested in overseas investment in your country.

Presently, my clients are interested in financing projects and have mandated me to seek and find a reliable person or company with interest above mention projects,

I am seeking your partnership in going into a multi-million dollar investment venture. Can we please organize a quick call at your convenience?

Look forward to feedback from you.

Best Regards,
Mr. Frederick,

Anti-fraud resources: