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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Edward Wakaso" <>
Date: Fri, 11 Jan 2019 15:09:14 +0000
Subject: Hello!!

Dear Friend,

My name is Mr. Edward Wakaso. I am The Head of Accounts Department in
The Ghana Ministry of Roads and Highways. I am in-charge of Payment
Approval of Contracts awarded to Local and Foreign Contractors by Ghana

A Road Construction Contract was awarded to a Foreign Company here in
Ghana and the contract was supposed to be awarded to two companies at
the cost of Sixty Five Million Dollars (USD$65,000,000.00).

We negotiated with one Construction Company that executed the contract
at the cost of Forty Five Million Dollars (USD$45,000,000.00) instead of
the amount allocated by Ghana government. The contract has been
completed and
the company has been duly paid.

Now, the reason why I contacted you: I want you to stand as the second
Foreign Contractor so that the remaining balance of Twenty Million
Dollars (USD$20,000,000.00) will be paid to you, then I will come over
to your country for sharing and further investment plans.

I want you to know that all the processes are going to be legal and I
will provide all the backup documents to make you one of the Foreign
Contractors we have here in Ghana to ensure a successful transfer of the
fund to any bank of your choice.

Be rest assured that this transaction is 100% risk-free because all the
legal documents will be provided as I have already told you. Please if
you are interested, reply to me so that I will give you details of the

Yours truly,
Mr. Edward Wakaso.

Anti-fraud resources: