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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Pat Anderson" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 5 Jan 2019 11:30:38 +0100
Subject: Compensation payment of €1,500,000.00

To Beneficiary Email I'D,

You have won Compensation payment of €1,500,000.00 Euros from Netherlands Lottery 2019.

Your e-mail address attached to winning number 20-02-2018-02MSW, and lucky numbers 210-12-865-30 won in the first category of €1,500,000.00 Euros.
Please you are advised to contact the payment officer Mr. Martin Van Langen immediately with your telephone numbers for more information about your winnings.

Name: Mr. Martin Van Langen
Phone: 0031 687 540 591

Yours Sincerely

Mrs. Maria Johnson
Information Officer
Netherlands lottery Center
Den Haag, Netherlands

Anti-fraud resources: