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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barr. Carlos Adrian Pepe" <>
Date: Sun, 02 Dec 2018 16:48:38 -0800
Subject: [***SPAM*** Score/Req: 10.2/5.0] Re: Dear.Sir / Madam-Inheritance Payment!

Dear.Sir / Madam,

I am Mr. Carlos Adrian Pepe , an Attorney / Solicitor, working with Pepe Chambers in Spain. I got your detailed contact Email Address through public archive, while searching for any possible relative to my late client, whom I have left the sum of US$7,500,000.00 (Seven Million ,Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars Only) with a security and investment company here in Spain.

Please contact me via email, fax or telephone for further discussions. Lastly, owing to the sensitivity of this transaction I urge you to keep this proposal in utmost confidentiality pending our discussion.

Telephone Number: +34 631 815 738. Email: ( )

kindly send the details as stated below to enable me to forward the same to the safe keeping company where the deposited consignment will be re-profiled to your name as the new beneficiary:

{1.} Name: ........... . {2. } Country: .......... {3.} Current Address: ....... {4.} Age ....... {5.} Fax number: ........... {6.} Personal Number: .......... {7.} Occupation: ............

Best Regards,
Carlos Adrian Pepe

Anti-fraud resources: