fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "there is no risk involved" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Nastac Elisabeta Bayarmaa" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 16 Nov 2018 20:06:37 -0800
November 15TH, 2018.
Please accept my apologies if this request does not meet your personal ethics as it is not intended to cause you any embarrassment in what so ever form. I got your contact from internet directory and decided to contact you for this transaction that is based on trust and your outstanding, I have an interesting business proposal for you that will be of immense benefit to both of us, Although this may be hard for you to believe, but we stand to gain Huge Amount between us in a matter of weeks, Please grant me the benefit of doubt and hear me out.
With due respect My name is Mrs. Nastac Elisabeta Bayarmaa, a Banker here in Spain! Late Mr. Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha Chairman of the King Power, a thailand billionaire businessman and the founder owner and chairman of King Power Duty Free. He was also the owner of England Premier League football club Leicester City from 2010 until his death in a 27th October, 2018 helicopter accident made a fixed deposit with my bank in 2015 valued at 35,500,000.00 (Thirty Five Million Five Hundred Thousand Euros) the due date for this deposit contract was last 30th of September 2018. Sadly Vichai was among the death victims in 27th, Oct 2018 in England helicopter accident that killed all 5 people in the helicopter, He was in England for Leicester home game which after the football match where he met his untimely end, My bank management is yet to know about his death, I knew about it because he was a friend and I am his Account Officer. Vichai did not mention any Next of Kin/Heir when the account was opened.
If my Bank Directors happens to know that Vichai is dead and do not have any Heir, they will take the funds for their personal use, That is why I am seeking your co-operation to present you as Beneficiary to the account, since you are a foreigner and my bank head quarters will release the account to you, There is no risk involved; this transaction will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect us from any breach of law, It is better that we claim the money than allowing the Bank Directors to take it, they are rich already. I am not a greedy person, so I am suggesting we share the funds in this ratio, 50/50%, equal sharing. Let me know your mind on this and please do treat this information highly confidential.
Check web for more info about the helicopter accident: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/football/2018/10/29/leicester-city-owner-confirmed-dead-helicopter-crash-along/
We shall go over the details once I receive your urgent response.
Have a nice day. Anticipating your communication.
Mrs. Nastac Elisabeta Bayarmaa
Phone: +34 63132 8613