fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Edward Adamu" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 05:28:21 -0800
Subject: Re: Your fund US$10.5M is ready for Transfer
Attn: Esteemed Beneficiary . This is to officially inform you that we have =
verified your contract / inheritance/ Compensation fund file and found out =
that you have not received your fund US$10.5M. Meanwhile, the Central Bank =
have been authorized by the President to release and transfer your fund int=
o your account under Seven working days, So you forward your name,address a=
nd direct telephone number for further verification on how your fund US$10.=
5M should be transferred. Kindly call or sms me on: +2347058448892. Regards=
. Mr. Edward Adamu Director Foreign Remittance Central Bank,Nigeria Mobile:=