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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR. IBRAHIM MAGU" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 12 Nov 2018 08:55:40 +0100



The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) is a Nigerian law enforcement agency that investigates financial crimes such as advance fee fraud and money laundering acts like your case whereby you have spent so much money trying to claim what is rightfully yours but at the end of the day you will not get it and rather you lose the little you have before.

However, this EFCC department says enough is enough, for how long are we going to fold our arms to watch, sit and relax while these uneducated hoodlums cheat, steal and scam away all that we have worked for without anything to show for it. This message is meant for you to discontinue whomever or whichever office you have been dealing with or sending money to because enough is enough, the bad name being stamped on this great nation must be cleared throughout the whole wide world and it starts now and it starts with you as fund beneficiary.

We need your utmost cooperation to fish out these bastards and make them face the law while we take back your money from them and anything they have already collected from you. The time is now! Please we need you to forward any or every details you have on any criminal/scammer/fraudster that have asked you for money before and from any office at all.

Please help us fight against these crimes and clear the image of the country and help you regain what you have lost and you also still get your fund approved by Federal government and the finance minister.

Respectively yours'
Ibrahim Magu
Acting chairman EFCC

Anti-fraud resources: