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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Bao Chang" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 12 Nov 2018 03:41:27 -0800
Subject: Overview Review JXVXSFRGOV

My contact with you is in regarding the estate of a deceased client, and an investment placed under
our  management 7 years ago.
I am Bao Chang,Deputy Manager for the China Trust Commercial,China.
Please see the appendix for full details. If you are unable to open the appendix,or do not wish  to
open an appendix, send me a mail,and I will resend full details to you.
Bao Chang.
The information contained in this electronic message and any attachments may contain confidential or privileged information intended for the exclusive use of the addressee(s). If you are not the intended recipient, please notify the sender by reply e-mail and destroy all copies of the original message and any attachments. In accordance with Electronic Communications Privacy Act,18 U.S.C. 2510-2521

Anti-fraud resources: