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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: MR Louis Moshaver <>
Reply-To: MR Louis Moshaver <>
Date: Sun, 11 Nov 2018 19:57:19 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: From Moshaver

Dear Sir/Madam,

My name is Mr. Louis Moshaver from Dubai UAE, I am representing an investor from Republic of South Africa with the mandate to URGENTLY help find a dependable international trustee to channel the investment fund of US$18, 000,000.00 Eighteen Million US Dollars into 10 years profitable project that will target a reasonable return on investment (ROI) with a strong plan to compensate your assistance.
Due to the sensitivity of the position they hold in their country and the unstable environment politically, they would prefer to channel/move majority of accessible funds into more stable economies and developing nations for safe keeping. All arrangement has been finalized with the bank for swift transfer of the fund once you indicate your interest.
Kindly let me know if you are interested to proceed and what area of investment you would recommend.
If you are interested to partner contact me via: Email
Thank you as I await your swift response.
Mr. Louis Moshaver
Dubai UAE

Anti-fraud resources: