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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Cpt. Kate Lee" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 11 Nov 2018 17:50:51 -0300
Subject: Greetings ?

I am indeed glad to be in contact with you even though this medium of communication (internet) has been grossly abused by criminal minded people making it difficult for people with genuine intention to correspond and exchange views without skepticism.
I am  Cpt Kate Lee, an Army Nurse attached to the U.S. Army corps of engineers in Syria.I have decided that I seek your assistance in a matter that requires your urgent attention.I want you to  assist me to receive some funds. Kindly e-mail me your contact information Which Should include Full name, address and phone number,occupation, so I can tell you what you need to do and also give you more details about myself and the project.
Cpt. Kate Lee

Anti-fraud resources: