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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Raymond Nelson" <>
Reply-To: "Mr. Raymond Nelson" <>
Date: Sun, 11 Nov 2018 18:30:17 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Attention: Beneficiary!

Bank of Holland
12 S Main St, Holland,
NY 14080, United States
Text me, +1 (347) 523-5343

Attention: Dear

This Message is from the Head Office of the Bank of Holland 12 S Main St, Holland,
NY 14080, United States and am contacting you now about your funds of $8.2 Million Us Dollars deposited to this Bank by the Central Bank Of Africa to transferred the funds to you as Your compensation for Scam Victim because your name and your phone number was listed among the Victims that was scammed years ago by West Africa Country and now you are to be compensated with the sum of $$8.2 Million Us Dollars, Therefore you have to reconfirm your information to me such as
Your Full Name..
Your Address....
Your Tell Number..
Your email address..
And after reconfirming your personal information to me you should then let me know the best way that you wish to have your funds of $8.2 Million Us Dollars to you either the funds will be transferred in your bank account or the funds will be converted to an ATM MASTER CARD and it will be delivered to your home address or the funds will be delivered to you in Cash.
Mr. Raymond Nelson
Bank of Holland
+1 (347) 523-5343: Just text me
12 S Main St, Holland,
NY 14080, United States

Anti-fraud resources: