fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "NEEL KASHKARI" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 27 Oct 2018 15:27:20 -0700
Subject: in your interest]o}
90 Hennepin Avenue
This is to inform you that we have received a payment instruction from Mr. Chan Tak Kin, a Citizen of China demanding that we should transfer your funds to him, as you have given him the mandate and authorization for him to receive your funds interest.Note that he has given us a bank account in Hong-Kong, where we will transfer your funds to him without delay.
Bank of China (Hong Kong)
25 Wu Pak Street, Aberdeen, HK
Account Name: Chan Tak Kin
Swift code: BKCHHKHHCLS
Routing number: 026003269
Account number: 012-879-6-034422-0
Please let us know if you have truly instructed and directed him to receive your funds in Hong-Kong.We have informed him to get an official Power of Authorization from you, before we will release the funds to him, which we are still waiting for.However, we want to inform you that, you have within the next five (5) official working days to get back to us on this notice or we will release the funds to him.
My email:[email@example.com ]
90 Hennepin Avenue