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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Adams C. Joseph" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 10 Oct 2018 15:33:08 +0300
Subject: Confidential Business Proposal!

I am Mr. Adams C. Joseph, Manager In charge of Foreign Remittance department of GOLDMAN SACHS INTERNATIONAL BANK (GSIB). The main reason for contacting you is to propose a business cooperation that will be of mutual benefit to both of us and requiring absolute trust and total confidentiality. To get down to brass tacks, I want you to accommodate a large volume of funds worth (US$70.5 Million) which I want to transfer from an abandoned account to your personal bank account, It is 100% risk free.

If you are interested in this proposition, kindly respond back to me through my Phone number: +1-651-448-9414 or ( So I can give you further details and what is required for our trust, We will also negotiate an appropriate compensation for your efforts.

Yours faithfully
Mr. Adams C. Joseph.

Anti-fraud resources: