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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Thomas Simo <>
Date: Fri, 19 Oct 2018 15:06:19 -0700
Subject: yes

Dear Beloved in the Lord.

May I introduce myself to you, My Name is Mr Thomas Simo , I am from

My Dear sorry if I am to bother you with with my health condition. I
have been diagnosed with throat cancer. It has defiled all forms of
medical treatment, and right now I have only about a few months to
live according to medical experts. I have not particularly lived my
life so well, as I never really cared for anyone (not even myself) but
my business. Though I am very rich but I was never generous.I was once
married and had a son, but lost my son in a fatal accident 12 years
ago, My wife could not continue in the marriage due to my illness and
filed for divorce, we were officially divorced 5 years ago,I
understood that life is not all about riches and wealth, This is why i
have decided to share some of my properties to help the poor and the
needy, i have tried to achieve this through my relatives but their
greed stalled it as they refused to released the fund i gave them to
open an orphanage on my name, this will make my name to be forever
remembered,but that did not discouraged me, I am still committed to my
idea of helping to change the lives of the less previledged and
homeless children and this is the reason why i contacted you. I want
to give out my fixed deposit to build an orphanage and help to change
the lives of those poor kids who have no voice due to their poor

Regarding this charity works.

I will be waiting for your response with thanks for your due
consideration. God be with you

Yours in the Lord
Mr Thomas Simo

Anti-fraud resources: