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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr John Mour" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 17 Oct 2018 15:20:17 -0700
Subject: JPMorgan Chase & Co.New York City,

JPMorgan Chase & Co.
270 Park Avenue,
Midtown Manhattan
New York City,


We are pleased to inform you about your fund which was seized by International Monetary Fund (IMF) due to your failure to provide necessary credentials which states the legitimacy of your fund, the fund was said to be transferred from BOA before its seizure by IMF. Presently the fund is in JPMorgan Chase bank for immediate remittance to your nominated bank account, below is the account details we have about you kindly reconfirm if all the details are correct and update before we make the transfer.

NOTE: no one will ask you for transfer or any form of charge to transfer your fund, if ever happen please report to us because it’s never from us.

Acct. name: Doreen Koehler.
Bank name: Bank of America

Yours sincerely
John Mour

Anti-fraud resources: