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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Hon. Robert Benson" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 19 Oct 2018 08:51:45 -0700

Attn. President/CEO,

I have a very important business proposal to unfold to you hence I am contacting you.I am Hon. Robert Benson, the chairman of the 2015 Election Committee in Nigeria as a member of Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), the ruling party in Nigeria. After the election we discovered that the sum of US$18Million was left over.

This money is presently in a private security company.I hereby solicit for your partnership in claiming this money from the security company for the purpose of investment in your country for our mutual benefit Please contact me at the earliest possible time for further details if you wish to partner in this transaction.

Waiting to hear from you.

Best regards,

Hon. Robert Benson
House of Representative
Federal Government of Nigeria.

Anti-fraud resources: