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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs Patricia Santos" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 16 Oct 2018 19:49:24 -0700
Subject: My long time Friend,

How are you and your family,i am very happy to inform you that i have finalised the claim and transfer of the USD$22.500,000.00 into my new partner`s account in India,but i did not forget your past effort despite that it does not work out because of some lack of understanding between us,my partner agreed on my terms and he took Fund,as i write you this email now,i am in India with my family to put our new company and some other businesses in place.
Before I left Benin Republic to India,I gave my secretary Mr Adam Smith the sun of $800,000.00) to give you.through ATM VISA CARD,Remember to send him your Full information to avoid wrong transfer.this is my secretary Email;Address ( )
Receiver`s Name_______________
Address: ________________
Country: ____________
Phone Number: _____________
I.D Card:_____________
Once again thanks for your past efforts.
Mrs Patricia Santos.
------------------ IN Germany -----------------------
Schöne Grüße,
Wie geht es Ihnen und Ihrer Familie? Ich freue mich, Ihnen mitteilen zu können, dass ich den Antrag und die Überweisung der USD 22.500.000,00 auf den Konto meines neuen Partners in Indien abgeschlossen habe, aber ich habe Ihre bisherigen Bemühungen nicht vergessen Nicht ausarbeiten, weil ein Mangel an Verständnis zwischen uns, mein Partner stimmte zu meinen Bedingungen und er nahm Fund, wie ich Ihnen diese E-Mail jetzt schreibe, ich bin in Indien mit meiner Familie, um unsere neue Firma und einige andere Unternehmen an Ort und Stelle zu setzen.
Bevor ich Benin Republik nach Indien verließ, gab ich meinem Sekretär Herrn Adam Smith die Sonne von $ 800,000.00), um Ihnen über ATM VISA CARD zu geben, denken Sie daran, ihm Ihre vollständigen Informationen zu senden, um falsche Übertragung zu vermeiden.
Adresse ( )
Name des Empfängers_______________
Adresse: ________________
Land: ____________
Telefonnummer: _____________
Nochmals vielen Dank für Ihre bisherigen Bemühungen.
Vielen Dank
Frau Patricia Santos.

Anti-fraud resources: