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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "shane missler" <>
Date: Tue, 02 Oct 2018 18:44:21 +0200

Dies ist eine persönliche Mailadresse an Sie. Ich bin SHANE MISSLER, aus Florida, USA. Wie Sie bereits wissen, gewann ich im Januar 2018 Lotto Jackpot in Höhe von $ 331 Millionen und das Geld hat mein Leben und mein Familienleben verändert, aber es wird mein Herz nicht ändern, wie ich an dem Tag sagte, an dem ich mein Geld habe, Ich werde dieses Geld für die Hilfe der Menschheit verwenden. Ich habe beschlossen, Ihnen die Summe von 5 Millionen Euro an Sie und Ihre Gemeinschaft zu spenden, um diese Spende per E-Mail zu erhalten (

Anti-fraud resources: