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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 12 Sep 2018 12:00:00 -0700
Subject: Hello My Dear Friend rd 202

Hello Dear Friend
Am Mrs Koffi Jacques Director Foreign Acct Dept
I have the sum of $17.5M United States Dollars unclaimed fund in my Bank I want you  to stand as the next of Kin so that the fund can be transfer to your account
please if interested kindly contact me via this for more details
with your information 
Your address ,
Your name
Your age 
Your occupation
and yourdirect  contact phone numbers
please note is strictly confidential
Await your urgent response
Yours Sincerely
Mrs Koffi Jacques
Director Foreign Acct Dept
African Development Bank

Anti-fraud resources: