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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Eric Johnson" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 12 Sep 2018 18:53:21 +0100
Subject: <B>Re: Contract Payment with PAYMENT (FILE NO. - PED/OXG/4780/18).</B></DIV>/.......................

Metropolitan Police Service - Working together for a safer Nigeria
Lion Building House Ikoyi Lagos Nigeria.
Tel:  +234 -7019479416
Our Ref: FTF/DPT/FUND-XXXNG............. Your Ref:......................
Re: Contract Payment with PAYMENT (FILE NO. - PED/OXG/4780/18).
    Congratulations to you. I am  directed with this great news to inform you that Mr.President has empowered the Investigation bureau office of the Economic & Financial Crime Commission (EFCC)  to curb all illicit transaction which we have confirmed that you have been paying unsolicited and sending money through Western union and Money gram, in the process to receive your fund to fake agencies claiming to work for us.
It is quite unfortunate that many things has gone wrong in the past with delay receiving your fund before now based on the information we have received through the investigation office of the (EFCC) on how you have been sending Thousands of Dollars to One Mr.Wilson Pits of International Monetary Fund(IMF) over the past 3 years now with no end.
The good news for you now,is that we have arrested Mr.Wilson Pits of (IMF) and two other impersonators Ikechukwu Mordi the one you have been sending western union and money gram to Nigeria for the past years now.
However,it is a great pleasure to inform you that we have concluded all modalities in place to ensure that your long expected overdue inheritance fund in total amount of $16,500,000.00 USD is finally transfer to your account now that the Nigeria government has come up with the new policy to checkmate all agencies and to fish out every corrupt persons and hoodlums that have be spoiling the good image of our great country in and misleading innocent citizens to fraudulent activities.
We therefore urge you to respond back immediately to this email by providing all your banking details for the immediate fund release as soon as possible.
Please you need to act fast because we have setup a panel that will monitor this transaction and to ensure that your rightful overdue inheritance is transfer to you without any further delay.
You are advice to call me as soon as possible via Tel:  +234 -7019479416 for directives on how to receive your payment urgently.
Yours in service
Dr.Eric Johnson
(Monitoring Department)for Mr.President

Anti-fraud resources: