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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Western Union" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 12 Sep 2018 08:12:01 -0700
Subject: Attention Outstanding Beneficiary MTCN:830-933-7882 / Contact Agent Jimmy Hayes

Attention Outstanding Beneficiary MTCN:830-933-7882 / Contact Agent Jimmy Hayes
Attn; , Thanks for the past effort, I want to use this amount to compensate you for the past effort, My work partner has helped me to send the first $5000.00 to you through Western Union. Contact Agent Jimmy Hayes Tel +1(580)-440-5628. This is the MTCN:830-933-7882, Sender Name James Bertholomew for the first transfer he made to you to pick the $5000,Your total amount with him is $2.5MILLION, contact Agent Mr. Jimmy Hayes via text msg now. thanks James B.
Your Full Name........
Your Full Address..............
Your Country...................
Your City..............................
Contact Phone.....................
Your New Receiver's Names............
Order Options to received your payment?
(i) ATM Card Delivery At Your Door Step.
(ii) Cash Delivery Via Trunk Metallic Vault.
Agent Jimmy Hayes
E-mail (

Anti-fraud resources: