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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: ahmed Tayyib <>
Date: Wed, 5 Sep 2018 09:06:52 +0000
Subject: Funds Claim

Greetings, I 'm contacting you once again. Could it be possible that you
did not received my snail mail to your corporate address 7 days ago?
concerning my late client Gold and 9.5 million US Dollars, with bank in
Lome-Togo. Kindly reach me for very urgent and important briefing.
I guarantee that this will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that
will protect you from any Breach of law,Looking forward to hearing from you
for detail explanation

Ahmed Tayyib

Anti-fraud resources: