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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs Zuma.NN" <>
Reply-To: "Mrs Zuma.NN" <>
Date: Fri, 17 Aug 2018 06:04:55 +0200 (SAST)
Subject: " I hope you will respond positively to my message


My name is Mrs. Nompumelelo Ntuli Zuma,I am one of the wives of the embattled South African ex-president, Jacob Zuma.I have a diverted fund sum of USD $ 47.8 million (Forty Seven Million, Eight Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) in my possession, I would like to invest with you,please revert to me as soon as possible for more details.(This is no spam)

Nompumelelo Ntuli Zuma

Anti-fraud resources: