fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: JA <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 6 Aug 2018 17:26:50 +0200 (SAST)
Subject: Have you Received Your Payment.?
From Barclays Bank Of England,
Head Office Address:
Two Churchill Place,
Canary Wharf, London, United Kingdom
Telephone: + 44 770 030 4856
This message is directed to inform you, Have you Received Your Payment.? Your Immediate Confirmation is needed with Your Full Information, If Really You Have Not Received Your Payment. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has directed us to pay you the sum of GBPÂ£500,000.00 (Five Hundred Thousand Great Britain Pounds).
As compensation to any company or individual affected with, if you have been involved in any fund related issue under contract, lottery awarded payment or other monetary issues which your payment have not been made to you from 1996 to 2018, urgently furnish us the following: Please contact our Agent in South Africa for your payment:
Mr. Sakhile Kumalo
Please reply/directly to this agent email: (email@example.com)
Please forward to them the following details below,
1. Your Full Name: â¦â¦â¦â¦â¦....
2. Contact Address:.....................
3. Contact Telephone Number:....
4. Country of Origin: â¦â¦â¦â¦......
5. Your Alternative Email:â¦â¦â¦...
Upon your response, you will be contacted with further details, thank you and have a nice day.
Barbara J. Desoer,
Telephone: + 44 770 030 4856
DIRECTOR âBARCLAYS BANK OF LONDON PLC.