fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs Anna Dockerty" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 3 Aug 2018 09:59:29 -0400
Subject: Re: Greetings to you,
Greetings to you,
I am The Bereavement Support Team Manager at HSBC, there is this (Recurring Deposit) the money cannot be withdrew within a certain time and you'll earn the variable Hero rate, ( interest). But there is this our Customer who owns such account without next of kin & over 10 Years he has not show up either for deposit or withdrawing hence my team has to go out in search of him through his address only to discover He has passed away I mean he is dead 8Years ago.
I know you are not biologically related, but since you both bear the same surname which is the basic requirement for this claim.Though I am aware of the fact that a request of this magnitude might make one apprehensive and worried, but I am assuring you that all will be well at the end of the day.
With regards to this, I seek your consent to present you as the heir/inheritor to the deceased , upon this the deposit will be released to you after due legal process and my suggestion is that the Fund will be further disbursed on equal ratio between two of us only.
With all due respect, I guarantee that this transaction would be executed under strict legitimate arrangement that will protect us from any breach of the law and legal risk.
The following are what I need from you to proceed with the claim:
Your full address, your complete Banking information, copy of identification & your direct Phone number.
Attached is my photograph.
Mrs Anna Dockerty.