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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Miss Rosy. Armen" <>
Reply-To: "Miss Rosy. Armen" <>
Date: Fri, 27 Jul 2018 22:11:41 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Dearest One, My name is Miss Rosy Armen from Cote d'ivoire, i am 21 years old. I need your help so that i can get my fund ( $2.5 million USD ) which i inherited from my late father from company here before his death. i am an orphan, I will give you 30% of the total fund, after everything has been in done. Please reply me immediately you receive this mail so that i will detail you more about me and this my inheritance. yours sincerely, - Miss Rosy Armen

Miss Rosy Armen

Anti-fraud resources: