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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Manfred" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 27 Jul 2018 10:52:42 -0700
Subject: Hello Good Friend

Hello Friend
I am The Branch Manager of a leading Bank here in Ghana; I am seeking your co-operation to present you to my bank head office as the official partner to Dr. George Brumley our late customer who was a well-known philanthropists to many charitable causes worldwide.

Before he died in 2003, he made a deposit to the tune of SEVENTEEN MILLION EIGHT HUNDRED AND FIFTY THOUSAND DOLLARS (USD$17,850,000.00) which he intended to donate to charitable causes in Africa. His intentions were clearly stated in the documents he issued to our Bank and the documents are still intact.

Dr. George Brumley, was a retired American physician based in Atlanta. He was involved in an air crash along with his wife and only daughter. Other family members who could have claim this fund also died along with him - you can confirm from the link below:

No other person knows about the details and vital documents of this account. My intention is to use my influence to inscribe your name and information in the documents as the official partner to Dr. George Brumley appointed to continue his charitable causes worldwide.

So, if you are interested, forward to me your Full Name, contact address, occupation, country of origin and your private telephone and fax number so that I can give you more details regarding the deal. Write me back if you think we can work out this transaction.
With Care.
Manfred Ketuh

Anti-fraud resources: