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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dr John Gerspach<>
Date: 27 Jul 2018 17:21:44 +0800

Hello: GoodDay

Hope you are doing very well today , my name is Dr John Gerspach
am a senior officer working with CITI BANK in Dubai U.A.E , am
presently the Chief financial officer, i will like to discuss a
business proposal with you that will interest and benefit you ,
please i will appreciate if you kindly reply back so that i can
furnish you with further details of my business proposal , i hope
to hear from you Thank you .

Best Regard
John Gerspach

Anti-fraud resources: