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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Steve Forrest <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 26 Jul 2018 11:37:44 -0400
Subject: Greetings

From: UBS Investment Bank (London)
1 Golden
Lane, London.
EC 1Y 0RR, United Kingdom.
Steve Forrest :Operations Manager,
Hello Dear
Do accept my sincere apologies if my mail does not meet your personal
ethics. I know that this mail will come to you as a surprise, but please
do not be discouraged with my proposal it was due to how things are
moving with me. However, this correspondence is unofficial and private,
and it should be treated as such. At first I will like to assure you
that this transaction is 100% risk and trouble free to both parties. Am
Mr. Steve Forrest, the Operations Manager with the UBS Investment
International Bank here in London. I am contacting you based on my
personal interest to develop a mutual business relationship with you in
your country. One of our accounts holding a balance of GBP7,549,250.00
has been dormant for many years. Please I am asking for your partnership
in re-profiling the funds. This transaction will be covered up by me
with my status here in the bank. I will give you a complete picture of
this transaction as soon as i hear from you.
Steve Forrest.

Anti-fraud resources: